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Common Urinary Disorders

The urinary system is a part of the body that produces and stores urine. Urine is fluid waste created in the kidneys. The kidneys are in charge of filtering waste & water from the body, providing a way to keep the body from different harms and damages. The urine is stored in the bladder, which we all know – needs to be emptied every now and then.

As the urinary system is made from several organs and handles our bodies waste and toxins, it is prone to infections and other problems. These can be easy to treat (infections) or harder and require surgery (blockage and injuries).

The parts of the urinary system

The Kidneys – the main organ of the urinary system. The kidneys are in charge of filtering blood from waste and excess water, which are turned to urine. The urine is then stored in the bladder.

The bladder – a balloon like organ which stores the urine. The bladder is held in place by ligaments. The urine is stored in the bladder until the brain signals that the bladder is ready to be emptied (usually when it is almost full). The bladder’s capacity in a healthy person is about half a liter of urine, and urine is usually stored for 3-5 hours at a time (during waking hours).

The bladder’s exit to the urethra is held shut by circular muscles closing it firmly.

The Urethra – The tube that leads the urine out of the body. It goes from the bladder to the outer opening, depending on the male/female urinary system.

Each organ of the urinary system may suffer from diseases or other medical conditions.
Urinary System (male)

Common Urinary Disorders and Diseases

Infections – the most common of all in the urinary system is Urinary Tract Infections (UTI in short). Women are more susceptible to UTIs than men. UTIs are caused by bacteria, which finds its way in to the urinary system. UTIs can happen in any organ of the urinary system –
The bladder, the kidneys or the urethra.

In most cases, UTIs will be treated by antibiotics. Research has shown that about 94% of urinary tract infections can be treated by oral antibiotics.

BPH – Benign Prostate Hyperplasia – The prostate gland (a part of the male reproduction system) is located just beneath the bladder. In some cases, there is a growth of non-cancerous cells in the prostate, causing it to be bigger than usual. This change is size creates pressure on the urethra, which may result in full blockage and problems in giving urine. BPH is most common in elderly and senior people at age over 60.

Bladder control conditions – there are two conditions found in this category. The first one is called urinary incontinence which is loss of control over the bladder, and the second is urinary retention which is a difficulty to empty the bladder’s capacity.

Both conditions are treated by behavioral treatments, which may be accompanied by medicinal treatment. In some cases, surgery may be required.

Kidney conditions – this category includes kidney stones, kidney failure and proteinuria. All three conditions are caused by a dysfunction of the kidneys.

Kidney stones are a condition where a urine waste forms in a solid “stone” like shape. Small stones may travel out of the body through the urethra without one noticing, but larger stones may cause a great deal of pain and blockage of the urinary system. Treatment varies and depends on the exact location of the stones and type of kidney stone.

Proteinuria is a condition that suggests kidney dysfunction. This condition is diagnosed when protein is found in the urine, due to a chronic kidney disease or infection.

Kidney failure is the hardest condition of the three. It may occur suddenly, or it may be a long term failure leading to complete loss of kidney function. Treatment is given depending on the cause of the kidney failure, in hope that the kidney failure is reversible. Treatments include a special diet, and in progressive kidney failure dialysis or kidney transplant is needed.

Nocturia – a rather new condition which describes the need to urinate during sleeping hours. Nocturia causes a state close to insomnia, causing decreased sleep quality and a disturbance to one’s well-being. There are several treatments for Nocturia, and more are researched today.


The urinary system is in charge of your body’s waste disposal through the urine. It is in charge of filtering blood from waste and ejecting it along with extra fluid from your body. If you have any feeling that something is wrong with your urinary system, it is important ot consult a medical professional as early as possible. Early detection of urinary conditions may literally save your kidneys and your health.

Current treatments for Nocturia

Nocturia is a condition affecting many who pass the age of 55. The frequent need to urinate at night, which causes symptoms quite similar to insomnia, may affect their life in many areas. Sleep deprivation has been proven to cause many behavioral and physical conditions. Nocturia, which is a rather new term, has limited options for treatment that one can try.

Treating Nocturia can be quite problematic. Since the causes are various, there is not a single solution for everyone, and every person will receive and benefit from a different treatment. There are behavioral treatments, medication and these days there are some new devices which aim to treat it as well.

Nocturia Behavioral Treatments

Nocturia can sometimes be resolved by changing one’s behavior or adding elements which may improve the bladder ability to empty. One way to do so is to simply reduce the amount of fluids you drink in the 1-2 prior going to bed. Yep, it’s that simple. The less you drink, the less you need to go to the toilets. However, it isn’t that easy to implement (nor is it effective for everyone).
Other ways may include going several times to the toilets before bed (If you see the toilet, maybe you’ll need to pee), reducing alcohol and coffee consumption, and improving sleep quality (by different means and solutions). In Men, it has also been proven that sitting down to urinate may improve the bladder’s ability to empty.
While some changes to behavior can be quite easy to try, it is always recommended to consult a medical professional when a problem such as Nocturia arises.

Nocturia Prescription medicine

Medicinal treatments for Nocturia work in a variety of methods. Since some of these medications have side-effects, each person may want to see the value of the medicine and try it for a while to see how they benefit from it.
Group 1: effective on the bladder – a group of medication reducing bladder spasms and treating an overactive bladder. By decreasing the bladder contractions there is less need to urinate.
Group 2: effective on urine production – also referred to as Anticholinergic medication. This type of treatment assists in regulating urine production.
Group 3: effective on the kidney – the kidneys are the organs in charge of producing urine. By decreasing their activity and reducing urine production Nocturia can be handled more easily.
Group 4: Effective by side effects – these are medications which are used to treat different conditions but have been proven to be effective for Nocturia as well. These may include antidepressants and other medication which require extra caution before use.

Nocturia device treatments

Nocturia is treated in most cases by devices that send electric pulses to the bladder thus creating contractions which promote urination and aid the bladder to empty its capacity. While some devices are implantable, there are also devices which do not require surgery and can be bought online, such as the URIDOC. Read More about the Uridoc here: www.uridoc.info

Nocturia – Waking Up to Urinate

Nocturia is defined as “Waking up at night with an urgent need to urinate”. It may happen once a night or several times, and it affects sleep quality, which results in decreased well being, life quality and other issues related to sleep disturbance.

Nocturia is a condition that causes an individual to wake up to urinate at least once during the night. This is how the American Urological Association (also known as the AUA) defines it. This condition is common in in the age range above 50 years old and affects an average of 10-40% of people at this age. It is possible to have Nocturia before the age of 50 but it is quite rare and not very common (5-15% in the 20-50 age range). There is a frequent pattern that is seen with people that have this condition and that is an increased number of times they wake up to urinate in the later decades of life. An example of this would be a person who urinates once at night in his sixties, will tend to urinate twice at night during his seventies.

What causes Nocturia?

One of the main causes of Nocturia is hormone imbalances.  Arginine vasopressin, also known as AVP, and atrial natriuretic also known as ANH are both the two main hormones that regulate the body’s water level. The arginine vasopressin hormone increases the water absorption in the gathering duct systems of the kidney nephrons; in result this decreases urine production. This is made to regulate the hydration levels in the body. The other main hormone, atrial natriuretic hormone, is released by cardiac muscle cells to the response of high blood volume. When it is triggered, water is released and then urine production increases as well.

Bladder storage disorders are also another cause of Nocturia. This disorder increases the frequency of the small volume voids which are often related to lower urinary tract symptoms that tend to affect the capacity of the bladder. Bladder storage disorder also tends to reduce the patients nighttime voided volume. Every person has a Nocturnal bladder capacity, which is the time when the most amount of urine is stored during the period of sleep. A Bladder storage disorder can decrease the amount of urine stored during the sleep period.

 What are some treatment options?

Nocturia is relatively new and has been not been studied too closely until recently. Unfortunately, there are not as many treatment options available because treatments have not been studied until recently. Lifestyle changes and pharmaceutical treatments are the most common ways to treat Nocturia. Some of the lifestyle changes include reducing caffeine and alcohol intake, and not drinking excessive amounts of liquid before bed.

A pharmaceutical treatment for Nocturia is Desmopressin. This drug is a synthetic replacement for AVP and it is used to treat a variety of nocturnal and coagulation disorders. This drug is becoming the normal use of treatment for nocturia.

URIDOC – Improves life of Nocturia sufferers.

A new option to treat nocturia is a device called URIDOC. . This device can be used as an alternative treatment to medication and lifestyle changes. URIDOC operates by sending various patterns of electronic impulses to your muscles through four metal buttons that are located on the front of the device. Your muscles respond to the impulses by contracting and relaxing rhythmically. The muscles that are relaxed are located around the bladder and in turn, this stimulates the bladder. When the bladder is stimulated, this causes it to produce more urine and empty while urinating.

Uridoc - improves urination

URIDOC – Simple way to find relief

URIDOC is a new device recently introduced into the market to treat frequent night time urination problems, a condition also known as Nocturia. This device is not meant to replace a drug or treatment procedure but to be used as an alternative form of treatment. If the problem persists or you are feeling pain, do not hesitant to call an urologist or physician. URIDOC is a new device that is meant to make life easier for those who suffer from frequent nighttime urination.